11/16/2007 12:00AM

History Challenge answers

Email1. Alcibiades raced 23 times, winning only seven races, but this was when there were still few stakes restricted to females. She raced frequently against colts, including in the 1930 Kentucky Derby, where she finished 10th to Triple Crown winner Gallant Fox. She won the Kentucky Oaks, which was then run two weeks after the Derby.

Alcibiades was a success almost from the beginning as a broodmare, producing multiple-stakes-winning Sparta in 1933, national champion Menow in 1935, and, in 1937, Salaminia, winner of the Alabama Stakes, Ladies Handicap, and Gallant Fox Handicap.

Menow went on to sire 32 stakes winners, including two Horses of the Year (Capot in 1949 and Tom Fool in 1953). Tom Fool sired the 1966 Horse of the Year, Buckpasser, who became an important sire and leading broodmare sire.

Salaminia produced Attica, the dam of Epson Derby winner Sir Ivor, who became an exceptional sire.

2. La Troienne was part of Col. Edward Bradley's master plan to import European broodmares to cross with his top American stallions. La Troienne's second foal was Black Helen, champion 3-year-old filly of 1935 and future Hall of Fame member. Black Helen defeated colts in the Florida Derby and American Derby, among others, and won the Coaching Club American Oaks.

Black Helen was by Black Toney. The same mating produced Bimelech, champion at ages 2 and 3 in 1939 and 1940, and also a Hall of Fame member. But it is the lasting impact of her tail-female line for which La Troienne is remembered. Her family includes some two dozen national champions. Among them: Busher, Affectionately, Buckpasser, Allez France, Easy Goer, Princess Rooney, Private Account, and Straight Deal.

3. William Woodward Sr. and partners bought the expensive stallion Sir Gallahad III to the United States in 1925. Bred in 1926 to Marguerite, already a stakes producer for Woodward, she delivered Gallant Fox, the Triple Crown winner and Horse of the Year in 1930. Gallant Fox is the only Triple Crown winner to sire a Triple Crown winner (Omaha, from his first crop).

In 1935, again mated to Sir Gallahad III, Marguerite produced Fighting Fox, winner of seven stakes and the favorite in the 1938 Kentucky Derby (he finished sixth to Lawrin). The following season, another colt from the same mating was Foxbrough, champion 2-year-old colt in England in 1938.

Marguerite still appears in pedigrees of 21st century stakes winners.

4. Myrtlewood, a bay daughter of Blue Larkspur, was one of the most popular Midwestern sprinters of all time. She won 15 of 22 starts, including - in the final appearance of her career - a match race against Miss Merriment at the inaugural Keeneland meeting.

Two of her 11 offspring were major stakes winners: Miss Dogwood, who won the Kentucky Oaks, and Duranza, champion 2-year-old filly of 1943. Miss Dogwood produced a daughter, Sequence, the dam of Gold Digger, who in 1970 produced Mr. Prospector, perhaps the sire of the century.

And, through her first foal - Crepe Myrtle - Myrtlewood became the ancestor of Triple Crown winner and leading sire Seattle Slew.

5. In addition to her victory in 1978 in the $44,500 Nursery Stakes, the 2-year-old filly Terlingua won the Hollywood Lassie, Hollywood Juvenile Championship (defeating males), and Del Mar Debutante that summer. She was from the second crop of Secretariat.

A $275,000 Keeneland yearling purchased by D. Wayne Lukas for Barry Beal and Lloyd French, Terlingua ended her racing career with 7 wins in 17 starts and earnings of $423,896.

Three years after her retirement, Terlingua was bred to English and Irish champion Storm Bird. The result was Storm Cat, who stood for several years at a stud fee of $500,000, the highest ever publicly announced.

On the racetrack, Storm Cat won 4 of 8 starts, including the Grade 1 Young America Stakes at the Meadowlands. He lost a heartbreaker in the final jump to Tasso at Aqueduct in the second running of the Breeders' Cup Juvenile.