09/26/2008 12:00AM

History Challenge answers

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1. Three boys and three girls from the Kentucky Orphans' Home sang songs at the annual Thoroughbred Club testimonial dinner in 1932 honoring Col. Edward Riley Bradley.

Bradley's Idle Hour Farm bred and raced some of the great Thoroughbreds of the 20th century, including four Kentucky Derby winners.

Despite his vast wealth and fame, Bradley throughout his life always gave time, attention, and money to the orphaned children of his home state, believing they deserved a Thanksgiving and Christmas equal to that of all other children. In 1928, Bradley began an annual event at his Idle Hour Farm - a one-day meeting that featured six races, five with a purse of $1,000 and one of $5,000. The entire proceeds from these meetings were distributed to children in orphanages throughout Kentucky "regardless of creed or color."

Attendance at this event annually surpassed 20,000 and included the rich and famous of the Bluegrass state, including the governor.

The 1928 Orphanage Stakes for juveniles at Idle Hour was won by Clyde Van Dusen, who six months later captured the 55th Kentucky Derby.

2. In his opening remarks to the TCA in 1936, Johnson N. Camden said, ". . . after coming under the spell of the gracious hospitality dispensed by the charming and lovely ladies and the stalwart and virile men of the enthralling Bluegrass, I realized I was a Kentuckian at heart and a kindred spirit with you."

A former U.S. senator, Camden remained until his death at age 77 in 1942 one of the most prominent industry leaders and Democratic politicians in Kentucky. He returned as chairman of the state racing commission in 1936 and remained in that post until his death.

3. In one of the more vitriolic addresses to the TCA, Samuel Doyle Riddle in 1937 blasted racing secretaries and handicappers, saying "all any of them know about a horse is that one end bites and the other end kicks."

The owner of Man o' War and owner and breeder of Triple Crown winner War Admiral, Riddle was well known for his arrogance and often tactless comments. After he made a racial slur on national network radio, CBS never again allowed Riddle near a microphone. Riddle also went out of his way to be unkind to August Belmont, who bred Man o' War. When Belmont asked to breed one of his mares to the great champion, Riddle refused to even hear him out.

4."My association with the Thoroughbred . . . gives me a kind of hope that is possessed by few other men of my acquaintance who are not horsemen," Hal Price Headley told the gathering at the Oct. 18, 1941 testimonial dinner.

A prominent owner and breeder, Headley not only helped found Keeneland, he was also the one person most responsible for starting the Keeneland sales, which grew to become the world leader.

In 2005, his daughter, Alice Headley Chandler, who built Mill Ridge Farm - left to her by her father in 1962 - into an internationally recognized breeding operation, stepped to the podium as the TCA's honored guest. She became only the third woman to be so honored after Helen Hay Whitney (1938) and Isabel Dodge Sloan (1951).

5. In the fall of 1982, Hall of Fame jockey Bill Shoemaker was at Royal Ascot in England to compete in a match race for charity against the legendary British rider Lester Piggott. The conditions called for riders to carry their actual weight. The Shoe rode at 100 pounds; Piggott at 117. Piggott's mount was favored, but Shoemaker won easily.

A few weeks later, Shoemaker was in Lexington, Ky., to address the TCA as its honored guest - the first, and to date, only jockey to be so honored. Shoe, who had ridden his world-record 8,000th winner a year earlier, was asked if he would reach the 10,000-plateau.

"That's an impossible dream," the 51-year-old rider said.