11/15/2002 12:00AM

History challenge answers

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1. The sensation that victories by Parole caused in England "was as nothing to the sensation that they caused here. The [American] public and press went wild over them," wrote Walter Vosburgh in his 1916 book, "Cherry and Black: The Career of Pierre Lorillard on the Turf."

(In addition to owning Parole and many other top Thoroughbreds of the 19th century, Lorillard was one of the industry's great leaders. It was he who convened the first meeting in 1890 that led to the eventual formation of The Jockey Club.)

The brown gelding Parole, who was a three-time U.S. champion, was thought to be past his prime when Lorillard shipped him to England at age 6 in 1879.

Parole and others went merely to accompany Lorillard's 3-year-old champion Duke of Magenta. On the long voyage, Duke of Magenta contracted influenza and never raced in England.

Parole made headlines on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean with his stunning victories.

Parole retired at age 12 with 59 victories in 138 lifetime starts. His American earnings record of $82,816 lasted for only a few months after his retirement.

2. Like many champion geldings, Old Rosebud, winner of the 1914 Kentucky Derby, was a popular campaigner, and his career on the track did not end until he was an 11-year-old.

In his next start after the Derby, Old Rosebud was injured due to his unfamiliarity with running clockwise on the Belmont Park strip.

He did not race at 4 and 5, but came back at 6 to be champion older horse when he won 15 of 21 starts in 1917. Old Rosebud finished his career with 40 wins in 80 starts.

3. How Knight Errant came to mate with Rose Tree II in 1910 is a mystery, but the result was not.

Roamer, named for the strange way in which the gelding was bred, raced for seven seasons, winning more than two dozen stakes and equaling or setting a dozen track records.

At 3, Roamer won 12 of 16 starts, including the Carter Handicap by two lengths, the Brooklyn Derby (now Dwyer Stakes) by eight lengths, and the Travers Stakes by 10 lengths.

In a special race against time on Aug. 21, 1918, at Saratoga, Roamer ran one mile in 1:34.80, breaking the world record for the distance that had been established 28 years earlier on a straight course by the mighty Salvator.

Roamer made 98 lifetime starts, compiling a record of 39 wins,

26 seconds, and nine thirds.

4. At Keeneland Race Course on April 20, 1937, seven of the most popular geldings of all time - all then pensioners - were paraded.

"Time stood still as we were back again at that golden day in October 1924, at Latonia when Sarazen placed the capstone on his greatness by winning the third of the International Specials," wrote The Thoroughbred Record.

A champion for three seasons, Sarazen gained the most fame for his win at odds of 6-1 over the heavily favored European champion Epinard in the 1 1/4-mile International Special No. 3. A crowd of 60,000 witnessed the race at old Latonia.

Sarazen retired with 27 wins (23 of them stakes) in 55 lifetime starts.

5. Armed, owned by Calumet Farm, was handicap champion of 1946 and 1947 and Horse of the Year in 1947.

During a career that spanned seven seasons, Armed won 41 of 81 starts, including 20 stakes. Many of his losses were due to the fact that he was asked to tote 130 pounds or more on 21 occasions.