10/25/2002 12:00AM

History challenge answers


1. Exterminator is probably best remembered as the gelding who was bought in 1918 as a workmate for Sun Briar, the winter book favorite for the Kentucky Derby.

Sun Briar went wrong and Exterminator, who hadn't raced in 10 months, was entered in the Derby by owner Willis Sharpe Kilmer on a lark. He won the race at 30-1, the longest shot on the board.

Over the next seven seasons, Exterminator raced long and hard in the United States, Mexico, and Canada. Twenty times he won carrying 130 to 138 pounds.

He won the 1 3/4-mile Saratoga Cup four years in a row; the 2 1/4-mile Pimlico Cup three years in a row; and Belmont Park's two-mile Autumn Gold Cup two years in a row.

A number of efforts were made by racetracks in 1920 to arrange a match race between Man o' War and Exterminator, but none was successful.

Exterminator finished his career with 50 wins in 100 starts and earnings of $252,996.

2. Owner Allaire duPont wasn't disappointed the first time she saw the Your Host-Maid of Honor weanling whom she would name Kelso. She knew looks could be deceiving. She was right.

Kelso arrived on the racetrack in 1959 after having been gelded. Beginning the following year and for five straight years, he dominated the sport.

His record of five consecutive titles at Horse of the Year is likely never to be broken.

Likewise, his record of winning the Jockey Club Gold Cup - in the era it was run at a grueling two miles - for five straight years is likely to stand forever. He set a world record on dirt (3:19.20) in his final Gold Cup win in 1964 - a record that still stands.

Kelso won 39 of 63 lifetime starts and would have won more had he not been asked to shoulder 130-136 pounds on 24 occasions. He won twice with 136.

Kelso retired in 1966 as the world's leading money winner ($1,977,896) and held that title for another 13 years.

3. Before he rattled off four major long-distance stakes wins in the late summer of 1931 as a 3-year-old, Twenty Grand won the Kentucky Derby, Belmont Stakes, Wood Memorial, and Dwyer Stakes.

A second-place finish in the Preakness, run a week before the Derby that year, kept him from being a Triple Crown winner.

Twenty Grand's eight victories in 10 starts at age 3 included two wins at 1 1/2 miles, one at 1 5/8 miles, one at 1 3/4 miles, and one at 2 miles.

He was acclaimed 3-year-old champion and Horse of the Year.

4. "In training," John Hervey wrote, "Diavolo was the picture of a stayer, a rangy, rankish horse, tall, high-stationed, long-muscled, and athletic, with a reaching, rhythmic stroke."

Diavolo won the Tremont Stakes at age 2, but could do nothing at age 3. He surprised everyone at age 4, winning five major stakes, including the great cup races of that era.

Diavolo's lifetime record was 10 wins in 29 starts and earnings of $107,540.

5. Bolingbroke was never voted champion and his name is likely remembered only by followers of the sport who were around in the 1940's.

Bred by Joseph E. Widener and owned for most of his career by Townsend Martin, Bolingbroke once ran in seven consecutive marathons in 11 weeks (Aug. 29 to Nov. 12, 1942). This included two races at 1 1/2 miles, one at

1 5/8 miles, one at 1 3/4 miles, two at 2 miles, and one at 2 1/4 miles.

That same year, the bay colt beat Triple Crown winner Whirlaway in the Manhattan Handicap, establishing a new American record for 1 1/2 miles (2:27.60).