Updated on 09/17/2011 8:36PM

Freshman stallions: C to E

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City Zip is a half to Ghostzapper.

LAS VEGAS - This is part two in a series on the freshmen sires of 2005, with particular emphasis on how to bet their offspring. The sires' names are followed by their pedigrees and where they stand, and their designations (SP means speed; ST, stamina; T, turf; HT, hidden turf).

Certain (Out of Place-Kristie's World, Beau Genius). Arkansas. While a winner of just two stakes, Certain was quite possibly the best runner by Out of Place, a speed influence. His biggest victory came in the Arkansas Derby, and he was also third in the Fountain of Youth behind Vicar and Cat Thief. Most important, Certain was an RF (Rasmussen Factor), as he was inbred 5x5 to the influential matron Exclusive. The RF pedigree pattern has proved to be a factor in determining racing class, and Certain's runners should have good speed. (SP2)

City Zip (Carson City-Baby Zip, Relaunch). New York. The Empire State scored a major coup by landing City Zip, one of Carson City's fastest sons. Of all the sons of Mr. Prospector, Carson City - who died at age 17 on Christmas Eve - was arguably the best source of high speed from that legendary stallion. Lord Carson, Ormsby, Boone's Mill, and Good and Tough are some of Carson City's sons at stud, and he will soon be represented by some of his fastest sons at stud, including City Zip, Cuvee, and Five Star Day. City Zip is a half-brother to the likely 2004 Horse of the Year, Ghostzapper, and his uncommon speed suggests that his runners should win early and often in statebred races at 2, and be superior over wet tracks. (SPx2)

Civilisation (Gone West-Toussaud, El Gran Senor). West Virginia. A half-brother to Empire Maker, Chester House, Honest Lady, Decarchy, and Chiselling, he is the only foal out of Toussaud (a Broodmare of the Year) who did not win a race. His runners should have speed and certainly have an affinity for grass and wet tracks. (HT2)

Cloud Hopping (Mr. Prospector-Skimble, Lyphard). Florida. Cloud Hopping won only a maiden race in three starts in England, but his pedigree warranted a stud career. His multiple Grade 2-winning dam also produced a two-time Pacific Classic winner, Skimming, and his classy stakes-producing female family produced Contredance, Eltish, Forest Gazelle, and Wheelaway. His runners should have speed on all surfaces. (SP)

Clure (Theatrical-Garimpeiro, Mr. Prospector). California. Not as talented as his full brother Geri, he was an iron horse, making 50 starts from ages 2 through 8, in France and North America. His only stakes victory came at age 7 in the minor San Matean Handicap at 1 1/16 miles on turf. His sire line and his own racing performance suggest that his runners will be far superior on grass as mature runners. (T2)

Coastal Storm (Storm Cat-Pearl City, Carson City). Pennsylvania. Unraced, Coastal Storm is bred much the same as Hennessy, as he is out of a Ballerina and Prioress Stakes winner, Pearl City, who is a half-sister to both Hennessy and Shy Tom. His offspring should have speed on all surfaces (fast and wet), and be particularly effective on grass, where they should initially offer fantastic value. (HT2)

Conscience Clear (Relaunch-Gotta Wear Shades, Kris S.). Florida. Stakes-placed at 3 on the turf, Conscience Clear is by a speed influence whose runners have been able to get middle distances if they are out of mares by a stamina influence, such as Conscience Clear. The speed of the Relaunch-In Reality-Intentionally sire line is phenomenal over turf and legendary over wet tracks. (T2)

Delaware Township (Notebook-Sunny Mimosa, Sunny North). Florida. A multiple Grade 1-winning sprinter, he was a durable and consistent racehorse, winning 11 of 21 starts from ages 2 through 5. Both his sire and damsire are noted sources of speed, and his runners should get off to a quick start as juveniles, and be good sprinter/milers throughout their careers. (SP2)

Disco Rico (Citidancer-Round It Off, Apalachee). Maryland. By a sire who had high speed and out of a mare by an established source of speed, Disco Rico won 9 races from 17 starts, with seven stakes victories sprinting. His runners should also be good 2-year-olds, showing speed from the start. (SP2)

Dixie Dot Com (Dixie Brass-Sky Meadows, Conquistador Cielo). California. By far the best runner by the late speed influence Dixie Brass, Dixie Dot Com is poised to become an exciting sire based in California because of the speed he brings to the table. A miler who stretched his speed successfully throughout his career, his classy female family produced Carson City and General Meeting. (SP2)

Ecton Park (Forty Niner-Daring Danzig, Danzig). Kentucky. Forty Niner is a very successful sire of sires (Distorted Humor, End Sweep, Gold Fever, Jules, Roar, Ide, Luhuk, Coronado's Quest, Tactical Advantage), and Ecton Park won the Super Derby, Jim Dandy, and Risen Star at 3. His offspring should have speed but be best at age 3 at middle distances. (SP/ST)

El Corredor (Mr. Greeley-Silvery Swan, Silver Deputy). Kentucky. A half-brother to Roman Ruler, El Corredor was a brilliant miler, and was at his best winning the Cigar Mile at age 3 over Peeping Tom, Affirmed Success, More Than Ready, and Left Bank. With his speed on top and bottom, his runners should emulate his style and be best as sprinters/milers. Keep in mind that his sire is also a hidden turf sire. (SP2 and HT)

Exchange Rate (Danzig-Sterling Pound, Seeking the Gold). Florida. Stakes-placed at 2, he won the Risen Star Stakes at 3 and Tom Fool Handicap at 4. His runners should also have good speed, but he is another prime example of a hidden turf sire. His pedigree includes three powerful sources of grass breeding - Danzig, Spectacular Bid, and Nijinsky II. (HT2)