11/01/2016 12:13PM

Breeders' Cup by the numbers


The Breeders' Cup is filled with horses of all kind, from high-dollar auction yearlings to horses that once ran for a tag. Here are some facts highlighting the breeding, sales and claiming history of some of the Breeders' Cup entrants.


- Six horses come into this year’s Breeders’ Cup having been claimed 11 times combined at prices ranging from $20,000 to $50,000 and an average tag of $37,727.

- Two Breeders’ Cup horses have been claimed three times: Filly and Mare Sprint contender Spelling Again and Filly and Mare Turf contender Al’s Gal.

- Spelling Again was claimed in three consecutive starts last year at Santa Anita, starting as a homebred with Augustin Stable, then being picked up for $40,000 by Roger Featherston and Lynne and Tom Miller following a runner-up finish. Gary Barber dropped a claim for $50,000 after a sixth-place finish, then Bill Spawr landed the mare for $40,000 after she had run third.

- Spelling Again, Al’s Gal, and Da Big Hoss each tied for the most expensive claiming price among the Breeders’ Cup contenders at $50,000. Sprint contender Joking was the cheapest claim at $20,000.

- Belmont Park is the only track where more than one Breeders’ Cup contender has been claimed, with Al’s Gal being picked up twice there, for $40,000 and $50,000, and Joking being claimed for $35,000.

:: DRF BREEDING LIVE: Real-time coverage of breeding and sales

Stud fees

- If every North American-sired horse in this year’s Breeders’ Cup were bred at their stallion’s advertised fee the year they were conceived, the combined price would be $4,795,000.

- The average conception-year stud fee for a North American-sired 2016 Breeders’ Cup contender was $38,360.

- Advertised North American stud fees by year of conception range from $2,000 for Juvenile Turf entry Big Score (Mr. Big in 2013) to $300,000 for Joking (Distorted Humor in 2008).

- Nine contenders were conceived for a stud fee of $100,000 or more. The only race to have more than one from that group is the Juvenile Fillies, with Jamyson ‘n Ginger, by Bernardini, at $150,000, and Sweet Loretta, by Tapit, at $125,000. Both were conceived in 2013.

- Of the six-figure-fee sires, Medaglia d’Oro accounted for three Breeders’ Cup horses at $100,000 (Songbird, New Money Honey, and Sentiero Italia) and Tapit has two at $125,000 (Ticonderoga and Sweet Loretta). Distorted Humor also has two, with Joking bred at $300,000 in 2008 and Ironicus bred at $100,000 in 2010.

- Sixteen horses in the Breeders’ Cup are by stallions advertised at less than $10,000 during their conception years. The Sprint and Filly and Mare Sprint each have three. Sprint entries conceived by a stallion with a fee of less than $10,000 include Noholdingback Bear (Put It Back, $5,000); Delta Bluesman (Wagon Limit, $2,500); and Masochistic (Sought After, $2,500). The Filly and Mare Sprint has Wavell Avenue (Harlington, $8,500); Irish Jasper (First Defence, $7,500); and Haveyougoneaway (Congrats, $4,500).

- California Chrome, the even-money favorite for the Breeders’ Cup Classic, was bred on the second-lowest stud fee among all Breeders’ Cup entries, with his sire, Lucky Pulpit, being advertised at $2,500 in 2010.

- Wavell Avenue, who aims to defend her title in the Breeders’ Cup Filly and Mare Sprint, is by Harlington, who stood for $8,500 in 2010.

- Heatseeker is the sire standing outside of Kentucky with the most expensive fee that has an offspring in the Breeders’ Cup. Heatseeker is a California stallion who was advertised for $20,000 in 2009, the year he conceived Filly and Mare Turf contender Ryans Charm.

- The Breeders’ Cup Sprint has the highest average field stud fee, at $53,333. The lowest is the Turf Sprint, at $20,773.

- Highest North American-sired conception-year stud fee by race:
Classic: Arrogate (Unbridled’s Song, $85,000 in 2012)
Distaff: Songbird (Medaglia d’Oro, $100,000 in 2012)
Mile: Ironicus (Distorted Humor, $100,000 in 2010)
Dirt Mile: Point Piper (Giant’s Causeway, $125,000 in 2009)
Turf: Texas Ryano (Curlin, $40,000 in 2010)
Filly and Mare Turf: Sentiero Italia (Medaglia d’Oro, $100,000 in 2013)
Sprint: Joking (Distorted Humor, $300,000 in 2008)
Filly and Mare Sprint: Tara’s Tango (Unbridled’s Song, $85,000 in 2012)
Turf Sprint: A Lot (Tapit, $80,000 in 2011)
Juvenile: Not This Time (Giant’s Causeway, $85,000 in 2013)
Juvenile Fillies:  Jamyson ‘n Ginger (Bernardini, $150,000 in 2013)
Juvenile Turf: Ticonderoga (Tapit, $125,000 in 2013)
Juvenile Fillies Turf: New Money Honey (Medaglia d’Oro, $100,000 in 2013)

- Lowest North American-sired conception-year stud fee by race:
Classic: California Chrome (Lucky Pulpit, $2,500 in 2010)
Distaff: Land Over Sea (Bellamy Road, $20,000 in 2012)
Mile: Miss Temple City (Temple City, $5,000 in 2011)
Dirt Mile: Texas Chrome (Grasshopper, $3,500 in 2012)
Turf: Ashleyluvssugar (Game Plan, $5,000 in 2010)
Filly and Mare Turf: Kitcat (Scat Daddy, $10,000 in 2011) and Lady Eli (Divine Park, $10,000 in 2011)
Sprint: Masochistic (Sought After, $2,500 in 2009) and Delta Bluesman (Wagon Limit, $2,500 in 2009)
Filly and Mare Sprint: Haveyougoneaway (Congrats, $4,500 in 2010)
Turf Sprint: Ambitious Brew (Tizbud, $3,000 in 2009)
Juvenile: Three Rules (Gone Astray, $4,500 in 2013)
Juvenile Fillies: American Gal (Concord Point, $7,500 in 2013)
Juvenile Turf: Big Score (Mr. Big, $2,000 in 2013)
Juvenile Fillies Turf: La Coronel (Colonel John, $15,000 in 2013) and Sweeping Paddy (Paddy O’Prado, $15,000 in 2013)


- Sale prices for auction graduates in the Breeders’ Cup range from $3 million (Photo Call, Mile) to $1,000 (Twilight Eclipse, Turf)

- The combined hammer prices for every horse in this year’s Breeders’ Cup sold at public auction was $28,411,641, with an average price of $420,913.

- Photo Call sold to Crupi’s New Castle Farm on behalf of Teresa Viola as a racing/broodmare prospect at the 2015 Keeneland November breeding stock sale.

- Two Breeders’ Cup contenders changed hands at auction for seven figures: Photo Call and Spain Burg, a Juvenile Fillies Turf contender who sold to Reeves Thoroughbred Racing for $1,686,000 (1.5 million Euros) at the 2016 Arqana Arc sale in France.

- Breeders’ Cup Turf contender and Grade 1 winner Twilight Eclipse was a short yearling purchase at the 2010 Keeneland January horses of all ages sale for the auction’s minimum bid.

- Thirty-four contenders have sold more than once at auction. Four have sold three times.

- The Breeders’ Cup Mile boasts the highest average sale price at $888,520, largely buoyed by Photo Call. The lowest average comes from the Filly and Mare Sprint at $105,267.

- Thirty-one sales are represented by graduates among the Breeders’ Cup entries. The Keeneland September yearling sale has the most graduates with 46, and the 2015 edition has the most by an individual renewal at 16.

- The juvenile sale with the most graduates entered in the Breeders’ Cup is the Ocala Breeders’ Sales Co. spring 2-year-olds in-training sale, with nine entries. The 2016 edition sent the most by an individual event, with seven.

- Most expensive auction graduates by race:
Classic: Arrogate ($560,000, KEESEP-14)
Distaff: Songbird ($400,000, FTSAUG-14)
Mile: Photo Call ($3,000,000, KEENOV-15)
Dirt Mile: Accelerate ($380,000, KEESEP-14
Turf: Highland Reel ($777,485, TAOOCT-13)
Filly and Mare Turf: Avenge ($650,000, FTSAUG-13)
Sprint: Lord Nelson ($340,000, KEESEP-13)
Filly and Mare Sprint: Carina Mia ($410,000, KEESEP-14)
Turf Sprint: Washington DC ($429,488, GOFOCT-14)
Juvenile: Classic Empire ($475,000, KEESEP-15)
Juvenile Fillies: Sweet Loretta ($750,000, KEENOV-14)
Juvenile Turf: Ticonderoga ($850,000, KEESEP-15)
Juvenile Fillies Turf: Spain Burg ($1,686,000, ARAOCT-16)

- Least expensive auction graduates by race:
Classic: Melatonin ($20,000, KEESEP-12)
Distaff: Stellar Wind ($40,000, KEESEP-13)
Mile: Limato ($63,862, DNPAUG-13)
Dirt Mile: Texas Chrome ($10,000, FTIOCT-14)
Turf: Twilight Eclipse ($1,000, KEEJAN-10)
Filly and Mare Turf: Ryans Charm ($6,000, KEESEP-11)
Sprint: Noholdingback Bear ($25,000, KEEJAN-14)
Filly and Mare Sprint: Haveyougoneaway ($1,200, KEENOV-13)
Turf Sprint: Obviously ($2,603, GOFFEB-09)
Juvenile: Star Empire ($65,969, DADNOV-14
Juvenile Fillies: Colorful Charades ($45,000, KEESEP-15)
Juvenile Turf: Bowies Hero ($17,000, KEESEP-15)
Juvenile Fillies Turf: Happy Mesa ($20,000, KEESEP-15)